How to Build a Stud Wall - The Comprehensive Step by Step Guide
August 8, 2019

Take a look around your house, and you’ll see how walls help make it feel like home. Thanks to walls, a home can be divided into the right series of rooms to make life easy. They also help us feel secure and allow us privacy. So, when it comes to renovate or update, learning how to build a stud wall is of the utmost importance.

That way when you want to change the layout of your home you’re all set with the skills you need to install a wall. You can even add a door to make an entirely new room! Adding a stud wall can turn a large room into something usable. You can add a partial wall to a large, open concept space like an attic to designate smaller areas.

Or it can transform your basement and make it the perfect place to spend your time. No matter what your vision looks like, you can build a stud wall to make it happen.

Don’t have time to build a stud wall yourself? Hire a home renovator and get your wall put up in no time!

How to Build a Stud Wall

What is a Stud Wall?

Essentially a stud wall is a standard wall. Stud walls are built with studs, which are pieces of wood or timber that support the wall’s structure. These are then attached together with either drywall, plasterboard, or in some instances, a combination of lath and plaster.

How Far Apart Are The Studs in a Wall?

When you’re putting up a stud wall, it needs to be built properly in order to stand the tests of time! This means it needs to be structurally sound. Follow any code requirements or regulations to ensure your wall is safe.

Your studs will need to be equally spaced throughout your wall. Typically, studs are set 16″ apart (or 400mm). Not only will this make your wall sturdy and solid, but it will make it easier to install plasterboard. Your studs will line up with the edges of a sheet of plasterboard. So when you reach that step, it will be simple to fasten your new plasterboard securely.

Take the time to measure the length of your new stud wall before you start to determine how many studs you will need. Just remember that if you have a spot that is a bit wider than the rest of your spacing, include an extra stud in a smaller space to make your wall built to last.

Home Renovator Price Guide

Thousands of people ask Bidvine for help with their projects every year. We track the estimates they get from local professionals, then we share those prices with you.
Price Range





How Thick is a Standard Stud Wall?

As you start building, you’ll want to make sure you have the right materials. It would be a shame to put in all the effort of building and installing your new wall, only to find it doesn’t hold up! This means you need to use the standard, the recommended type of wood timbers and plasterboard for a solid end product.

Your vertical timbers should be 50mm by 100mm. This gives you the durability and sturdiness your wall needs. But your wall won’t be 100mm thick because you’ll most likely be installing plasterboard to finish it. Plasterboard will add approximately 12.5mm to the width of your wall plus a coat of skim plaster.

By the time you’re at the final stage, your wall will be around 130mm thick. This way, you’ll know it’s been built properly. Keep in mind that unfinished stud walls, such as those in some basements, will be around 100mm thick until they are finished.

Building a Stud Wall

Why is it Important to Build a Stud Wall?

Walls are an essential part of your home. So if you’re planning to add a new wall to change your space, you need to be sure it’s well-made. It would be terrible to put up your new wall, only to have it collapse! So a stud wall is key.

The strength of timbers and a proper fastening to the ceiling and floor will guarantee your new wall is going to last. Using studs will also keep your wall straight and even. It’s the only way you’ll be able to support your plasterboard.

So if a new wall is your desire, take the time to set up a stud wall first. You can’t just put up plasterboard and hope for the best. It simply doesn’t have the strength to be a long-term option to define your rooms. Just like you must have a door to enter a room, you’ll need studs to create your wall.

How to Build a Stud Wall Step by Step:

So, now that you know you need a stud wall for your home, you’ll want to get started. Whether it’s to create a new room or help separate a room to help define its use, it’s necessary to construct a stud wall. It can be a bit daunting to think of tackling this project but read on for information on how to get started. Or even if you plan to hire a pro for the hard work, you’ll know what each step takes to be confident you’re getting exactly what you need.

Boards For a Stud Wall

Gather Your Materials

To build a stud wall, you’ll need to purchase the right materials before getting started. You’ll need timbers to frame in your stud wall, or metal pieces if you’re going that route. You’ll need enough for the ceiling and floor plates as well as for your vertical studs. Horizontal braces are placed about halfway up the wall to improve the strength and durability of the wall, called nogging. Measure your wall to calculate the distance you’ll need as well as the height.

Don’t forget to pick up nails to fasten your timber together to form the wall. You can also use metal brace plates to improve the strength of your fastenings, but may not be required. Inquire with a pro if you aren’t sure if you need these for your stud wall. If your wall will include a door, make sure to purchase the door and frame so it will be at the ready for installation. You’ll also need to purchase the plasterboard and skim plaster for finishing.

Home Renovators
near you
Home Renovators near you
Thousands of people across the U.K. ask Bidvine for help with their projects every year. Tell us what you need so we can bring you the right local professionals for your project.

Key Tips For Preparation

Get ready to build your stud wall with careful measurements. You’ll need to know the length of the wall to ensure it has a perfect fit for yourspace. You’ll also use your measurements for determining how much of the material outlined above you’ll need to buy.

As you measure, check on different points along your new wall to find out if your floor and ceiling are level. This way, your stud wall will be built properly and won’t leave you with gaps you’ll need to fix.

Make sure to check for any existing lighting, windows, or electrical outlets that may interfere with your new wall. You’ll also want to determine where the studs are in your fastening walls. Use a stud finder to locate these points so you’ll ensure your new wall can connect to a solid foundation.

Remember too that you’ll need to fasten your stud wall to the bare floor for the best results. Going over carpet, hardwood, or other existing flooring could make your wall shift and become unsafe.


How to Build a Stud Wall Frame in 6 Simple Steps

Step 1: Check For Wires and Set up Support Joists

Determine where your wall will be. Check inside the wall to be sure you won’t run into any wires or pipes. Mark the position of your existing studs to be sure your wall can be securely fastened. You’ll also need to determine whether you’ll be running parallel to your floor joists and make sure your wall is supported by a joist directly below. If your joists run perpendicular to the new wall, you don’t need to worry about this.

Step 2: Install a Floor Plate

Once you know where your wall will be, you can install your floor plate. This is where one of your timbers will be cut to the length of your floor and nailed down. Make sure it is nailed to the joist or joists for a secure starting point. If you are including a door, just put one nail in this portion, since you’ll be removing it later for your door.

Step 3: Install the Ceiling Portion

Next, install the ceiling portion. Use a plumb line to make sure you are directly above the floor plate and nail it securely to your ceiling.

Step 4: Get Your Vertical Studs Set up

Now you’ll be ready to move onto your vertical studs. Measure each stud individually, to be sure it fits the space even when it’s not level. Remember to keep them spaced about 400mm apart, measuring on the inside of your wood pieces. If you’re including a doorway, leave a space that is wide enough for both your door and the doorjamb. Repeat along the length of your wall.

Step 5: Install Noggins Between The Studs

Measure, cut, and install the noggins between each stud. You can offset these slightly to allow you room to nail, but keep them approximately centre.

Step 6: Cut Out The Doorway Section

If you are installing a door, remember to cut out the unneeded section from the doorway. You can use this as the header piece that sits above the door frame and offers your stud wall strength.

Insulation For a Stud Wall

Insulating The Stud Wall

Don’t forget to insulate your stud wall before you close it in with plasterboard. Insulation will help muffle sound from inside or outside the room. It also helps retain heat or coolness to keep the room temperate throughout the year.

It’s best to close in one side of the wall with plasterboard before installing insulation. This way, you have a solid surface to work against.

The Finishing Touches

Now that your stud wall is up, you’ll be able to move on to the final steps. Since bare studs don’t make a very nice looking wall, you’ll need to add plasterboard or drywall to call it done. This will give your new room shape and help you visualize what it will be like when you’re enjoying it!

Once you’ve hung the plasterboard, you’ll need to give it a coat of plaster to make your walls ready for the final decorative touches. Then, you can paint or wallpaper to complete your new space. It’ll be ready to enjoy, thanks to your new stud walls!

Ready to start building your stud wall? Click here to easily compare costs for local UK renovators!

Featured Image Credit

Related Articles
Top Loft Conversion Ideas That Will Transform Your Attic

Are you considering renovating your loft? If you are, you’re in the right place! We’ve collected our favourite loft conversion ideas from across the web to help inspire your next renovation. These conversions include small loft conversion ideas, loft storage ideas, bedrooms, and bathrooms! We want to make sure you’re using the space in your home in the best way possible, after all.

When you’re ready to hire a renovator to tackle your loft renovation, you can find a local pro on Bidvine for free. All you need to do is answer a few questions about your project and you’ll be on your way to custom bids from reliable contractors near you.

Now, let's get into our top loft conversion ideas!

Small Loft Conversion Ideas

Tiny Reading Nook

Tiny Reading Nook

If your loft doesn’t have much room to spare, you can still transform it into livable space. This tiny loft conversion takes the form of a reading nook featuring a wall of bookshelves. The best part of this design is that you can style it towards any member of your family. If you have kids, you can outfit the nook with bright colours and toys, or if you don’t, we think the pictured design looks great! It’s really up to you.

Home Office With a View

Home Office with a View

If you’re considering undertaking a loft conversion, you may be struggling to find a good use for the areas with sloped ceilings. That’s why we love this small loft conversion, as it uses that space in a productive way.

This loft features a built-in desk in the loft’s hallway with built-in storage at the end of the hall. We love that the window sill doubles as a storage space. Plus, what’s better than a home office with natural light and a view of the outdoors? This space would be perfect if you have children at home or you find yourself working at home on a regular basis.

Lounge in Your Tiny Attic

Lounge in Your Tiny Attic

If the ceiling in your loft is too low for a full bedroom or bathroom, why not use it as extra living space? Your kids are sure to love lounging in the attic and you’re sure to love having your own space on the main floor! This loft conversion features budget-friendly vinyl siding on the ceiling and walls and a built-in bench under the window. The bean bags and scattered toys make it the perfect place for kids to hang out and relax.

Why not add some lovely rugs for extra decor and protection? If you have hardwood floors covering your attic floor, the sound of tiny feet can still sound… well… not-so-quiet from downstairs. Rugs are a great way to make any room cosier and have the added benefit of absorbing the sound of footsteps. We’re especially big fans of the shaggy rugs for attics, but there are plenty choose from whether you’re browsing online or in a high street shop near you. more
32 Beautiful Kitchen Lighting Ideas for Your New Kitchen

Would you like to refresh your kitchen without installing a new sink or splashback? Does a full kitchen renovation seem like too big of a project right now? Luckily, you don’t need to take on a full gut job to add some flair to your kitchen and make it look fresh. All you need to do is install a new light (or two!) and you’ll be set. We’ve collected our favourite kitchen lighting ideas to help inspire you to update your kitchen!

Are you ready to hire a local lighting installer? Just let us know what you need to be done and we’ll shortlist bids from interested professionals for you. Click to submit a free request.

Kitchen Pendant Lights

1. Kitchen Pendant Lights

This simple lighting arrangement will work in any type of kitchen. These black pendant lights work perfectly in this farmhouse kitchen, but they would also look great in a modern or traditional kitchen. With three pendants, it’s important to hire a professional to install your ceiling lights. After all, you want to make sure the kitchen lights are spaced evenly and hung at the same height.

Kitchen Island Lighting

2. Kitchen Island Lighting

If you’re lucky enough to have enough space for a kitchen island, you’ll want to accent it with ceiling lights. These hanging lights have a bit of an industrial vibe to them but look great in this modern kitchen. We love the contrast between the black lights and splashback and the white cabinets and worktops.

Exposed Wires

3. Exposed Wires

This is a pretty trendy kitchen lighting idea, but it’s not overly expensive. That means that you can install it in your home now and then update it when the trends change. This kitchen features light bulbs hanging from cords wrapped around a brass pole. This industrial look is the perfect way to add a personal touch to your flat if you can’t install a whole new light fixture.

4. Hanging Edison Bulbs

To add a vintage touch to your modern kitchen, we recommend installing hanging Edison bulbs above your island. You can even drape them around a brass pole like the previous idea to create a more intricate focal point. These Edison bulbs are spaced perfectly above the island and allow for a clear sight line throughout the space. The great thing about exposed Edison bulbs is the fact that they won’t impede your field of vision.

Industrial Loft

5. Industrial Loft

This beautiful industrial loft features fourteen Edison bulbs at two different height levels. This means that people using the ladder to access the bar as well as people at ground level will both have ample lighting. To ensure your safety, it’s best to hire a professional if you want to achieve a similar effect in your kitchen.

Large Pendant Lights

6. Large Pendant Lights

The large pendant lights made of steel, along with the high-end appliances, make this kitchen feel like a professional kitchen. These heavy metal pendant would need to be installed by a professional given their weight and risk of falling on your family members. If you’re searching for an industrial and professional look, though, these lights are perfect for you!

Reclaimed Lights

7. Reclaimed Lights

If you want to bring the farm into your vintage farmhouse kitchen, we recommend looking for reclaimed pieces that can be transformed into lights. You can scout out pieces at charity shops or flea markets and then use a bit of creativity and your DIY skills to fashion them into lights. If you need some help with the DIY portion, you can hire a professional handyman to help out.

Light Over The Kitchen Sink

8. Light over the Kitchen Sink

While you may think that a window will provide enough light for your dishwashing, you’ll likely find yourself needing a bit more brightness. For this reason, it’s smart to install a ceiling light over your sink. This kitchen features traditional ceiling lights, with two large lights over the island and a smaller one over the sink. It’s smart to keep the design of the lights in your kitchen the same in order to ensure cohesion throughout the room.

Simply Ceiling Light

9. Simple Ceiling Light

If you’re not ready to splash out for an extravagant light fixture or fancy chandelier, worry not! You can find many budget-friendly options that provide plenty of light to your kitchen. The light fixture pictured features four bulbs pointing in different directions, making sure that the light covers the whole room. This light is modern enough to update a kitchen, but not too modern that it would look out of place in a simple kitchen.

Vintage Ceiling Lights

10. Vintage Ceiling Lights

This traditional kitchen features white cabinets and worktops, as well as a white brick splashback throughout the kitchen. The lightness of the kitchen is contrasted by the dark wood island and vintage ceiling lights. These lights look like they were taken directly from a castle or medieval town! We love the way the vintage lights look with the shaker-style cabinets and the clean lines of the range hood. more
When Do You Need Loft Conversion Planning Permission?

In almost every case concerning a residential property, you will need loft conversion planning permission. This is because adding onto your home can affect the structural integrity of your house. It will also have a visual effect on your neighbourhood, which is why there are certain restrictions in place for loft conversions.

The rules for loft conversions differ between England, Wales, Scotland, and Northern Ireland, so we’ve collected them below to help you understand your local rules better. If you have any questions about the rules in place or need to clarify anything, it’s always better to be safe than sorry and to contact your local Planning Authority.

Keep in mind that any additions or modifications made to your home by previous homeowners will need to conform to your planning permission in order to be approved. Again, it’s better to contact your Planning Authority before drafting final plans for a loft conversion to avoid any troubles or added costs.

We recommend planning out your renovation well ahead of time and going through the appropriate motions before undertaking any work on your building. You could save yourself thousands of pounds in labour and materials by not jumping into a renovation without consulting your Planning Authority.

Disclaimer: By providing this information, we are not offering you legal information. You should consult your local Planning Authority before undertaking any work on your property.

Then once you’ve contacted your local Planning Authority, get your renovation on the go with a local loft renovator!

Planning Permission in England and Wales

Loft Conversion Planning Permission in England and Wales

First off, you will not be able to convert a loft or install dormers in a home on designated land. Most designated land in England exists around cities like London and Manchester to prevent urban sprawl. Designated land includes conservation areas, national parks, areas of outstanding natural beauty, or World Heritage Sites. If you live in a listed building, consult your local Planning Authority to learn more about the process of obtaining a planning permission. more

Why Bidvine is the best place to hire professionals

Answer a few questions and we match you to the right pros.

Get custom bids from pros who match your needs.

Compare bids, send messages and hire the right pro for you.